Federalist #45 (Madison): "The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State."

Economic Development once State Sovereignty over "internal improvements" is restored:

  • Millions of jobs were created digitizing communications; replacing rotary telephones and the analog network with digital devices on digital networks.
  • Millions of jobs will be created digitizing mobility; replacing the 25 mpg efficiency of the Model-T with digital vehicles on digital, solar-powered networks:
    • Existing Costs:
      • Federal Highway Administration estimates 13,000 job-years are created per $billion of infrastructure spending.
      • The American Society of Civil Engineers grades US highways a "D" with a cost of $2,042 billion (26.5 million job-years) to fix.
      • Traffic costs Americans about $1.7 trillion per year.
    • Retooling to solar-powered digital networks
      • Roughly $5 trillion to build 500,000 miles (4 times the miles of freight railroads and 1/4 the lane miles of urban roads), or 65 million job-years.
      • Convert more than $1 trillion per year of current traffic costs in jobs and profits.

Examples of networks that are coming: