The Confederate States of America duplicated much of the US Constitution and corrected the defect of conflict between the Preamble and Article 1, Section 8.Article 1, Section 8 was very specifically edited to remove the abuse of powerful Congressmen wanting to tax all citizens to fund internal improvements in their districts and for their friends.US Constitution:The preamble states the Federal mission to "provide" for defense and restricts it to only "promote the general welfare." The people and States retain liberty and sovereignty over welfare, as restated in Amendments 9 and 10.

Preamble: "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."

Section 8 is subordinate to the Preamble. Congress does not have more authority than is granted to the entire Federal governments (Madison, Cod Fishery Bill of 1792).

Section 8: "The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;"

Constitution of the Confederate States, March 11, 1861:

"Sec. 8. The Congress shall have power-

(I) To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises for revenue, necessary to pay the debts, provide for the common defense, and carry on the Government of the Confederate States; but no bounties shall be granted from the Treasury; nor shall any duties or taxes on importations from foreign nations be laid to promote or foster any branch of industry; and all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the Confederate States.

(2) To borrow money on the credit of the Confederate States.

(3) To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes; but neither this, nor any other clause contained in the Constitution, shall ever be construed to delegate the power to Congress to appropriate money for any internal improvement intended to facilitate commerce; except for the purpose of furnishing lights, beacons, and buoys, and other aids to navigation upon the coasts, and the improvement of harbors and the removing of obstructions in river navigation; in all which cases such duties shall be laid on the navigation facilitated thereby as may be necessary to pay the costs and expenses thereof."